快三彩票

人民群众: 共产党的根基、血脉和力量源泉
来源:快三_快三彩票|首页 发布日期: 2019-08-12      

[zhaiyao]

renminqunzhongshigongchandangdegenji、xuemaiheliliangyuanquan。lishishiyourenminqunzhongchuangzaode,zheishimakesizhuyideyigejibenyuanli。makesirenwei,renminqunzhongshilishihuodongdezhuti,shishehuiwuzhicaifuhejingshencaifudechuangzaozhe,shituidonglishiqianjinheshehuibiangedezuizhongjuedingxingliliang。gongchandangshiyouwuchanjiejidexianjinfenzizuchengde,talaizirenmin,chengzhangyurenmin,shirenminzhongdeyifenzi。gongchandangdeliliangyuanquanshirenminqunzhong。renminlichangshigongchandangrendegenbenlichang。quanxinquanyiweirenminkuaisancaipiaoshigongchandangdegenbenzongzhi。gongchandangrenyaojianchiyirenminweizhongxindefazhansixiang,bixushizhongjiangrenminqunzhongdeanweilengnuanguazaixinshang。tequanhexiaojifubaishidangqunguanxidefushiji,yaofanduitequan,fanduixiaojifubaixianxiang。yaoshizhongbuyuguanchezhixinghaodangdequnzhongluxian,yongyuanbaochigongchandangrentongrenminqunzhongdexueroulianxi。

[guanjianci]

renminqunzhong lishifazhandongli genbenlichang qunzhongluxian

renleilishibiaoming,shehuifazhandejichuzaiyujingji,jingjiwentidebiaoxianzaiyuzhengzhi,zhengzhidedeshizaiyurenxin。“derenxinzhedetianxia,shirenxinzheshitianxia。”zheishirenleishehuilishifazhandeyitiaotielv,gujinzhongwai,gaimonengwai。zhizhengdangzuidadezhengzhishirenxin。renhezhengdangdoudaibiaoyidingjieji、jiecengheshehuiquntideliyi。renhezhizhengdangdouyouzijizhizhengdejiejijichuhequnzhongjichu。gongchandangshigongrenjiejidezhengdang,tadaibiaogongrenjiejihezuiguangdarenminqunzhongdeliyi。yinci,tadejiejijichushigongrenjieji,tadequnzhongjichushizuiguangdaderenminqunzhong。 

  yi、renminqunzhongshituidongshehuilishiqianjindedongli 

lishishiyourenminqunzhongchuangzaode。lishishiyourenminqunzhongchuangzaode,zheishimakesizhuyideyigejibenyuanli。renleishehuifazhanyoumeiyouguilv?zaimakesizhuyidanshengyiqian,suoyouzhengzhijia、sixiangjia、lishixuejiadoushuomeiyoukeguanguilv。tamenrenwei,renshiyouyishide,yishishibianhuanmocede。butongderen、butongdequnti、butongdejiejihuichanshengbutongdeyishi,xingchengbutongdeyizhi,fashengbutongdezuoyong。yinci,shehuilishishizaluanwuzhangde。makesiweiwushiguandechuangli,diyicijieshilerenleishehuifazhandekeguanguilv。makesirenwei,shengchanlijuedingshengchanguanxi,jingjijichujuedingshangcengjianzhu。shengchanguanxiduishengchanli、shangcengjianzhuduijingjijichuyouyouyidingdefanzuoyong。tamenzhijiandemaodunshirenleishehuidejibenmaodun,tamenzhijiandemaodunyundongjuedingzherenleishehuidefazhanfangxiangjiqizhuangkuang。zibenzhuyishengchanfangshidechuxian,shirenleishehuidelishizhenzhengchengweile“shijielishi”。neime,zairenleishehuilishifazhanzhong,renminqunzhongqishenmezuoyongni?shiyingxiongrenwuchuangzaolishi,haishirenminqunzhongchuangzaolishi?makesirenwei,renminqunzhongshilishihuodongdezhuti,shishehuiwuzhicaifuhejingshencaifudechuangzaozhe,shituidonglishiqianjinheshehuibiangedezuizhongjuedingxingliliang。tazhichu: “lishihuodongshiqunzhongdehuodong,suizhelishihuodongdeshenru,bijiangshiqunzhongduiwudekuoda。”【《makesiengesiwenji》di1juandi287ye。】engesiyezhichu: tuidonglishifazhandezhenzhengdonglishi“guangdaqunzhong,shizhenggedeminzu、yijizaimeiyiminzuzhongjianyoushizhenggejiejixingdongqilaidedongji”,tamen“bushiduanzandebaofahezhuanshunjishidehuoguang,ershichijiude、yinqiweidalishibianqiandexingdong” 【《makesiengesiquanji》di1bandi21juandi342—344ye。】 。makesihaishuo: “renheyicigemingdoubukenengyouyigezhengdanglaiwancheng,zhiyourenmincainengwanchenggeming。”【《makesiengesiquanji》di1bandi45juandi716ye。】tahaiqiangdiao: “bushiguojiazhiduchuangzaorenmin,ershirenminchuangzaoguojiazhidu。”【《makesiengesiquanji》di2bandi3juandi40ye。】lieningzailingdaoeguorenminjinxingshehuizhuyigeminghekuaisancaipiaodeguochengzhong,yeqiangdiaozhichu: “shengqibobodechuangzaoxingdeshehuizhuyishiyourenminqunzhongzijichuanglide。”【《lieningquanji》di2bandi33juandi53ye。】“yigeguojiadeliliangzaiyuqunzhongdejuewu。zhiyoudangqunzhongzhidaoyiqie,nengpanduanyiqie,bingzijuedicongshiyiqiedeshihou,guojiacaiyouliliang。”【《lieningxuanji》di3banxiudingbandi3juandi347ye。】“zairenminqunzhongzhong,kuaisancaipiaobijingshicanghaiyisu,zhiyoukuaisancaipiaozhengquedibiaodarenmindexiangfa,kuaisancaipiaocainengguanli。fouzegongchandangjiubunenglvlingwuchanjieji,erwuchanjiejijiubunenglvlingqunzhong,zhenggejiqijiuyaosanjia。”【《lieningxuanji》di3banxiudingbandi4juandi695ye。】zhongguogongchandangzaigeming、kuaisancaipiaohegaigedelishiguochengzhong,congzhongguodeshijichufa,buduantuijinmakesizhuyizhongguohua,zaijiandangguandanghezhiguolizhengdeshijianzhong,jianchibamakesizhuyidejibenyuanlitongzhongguoshijiheshidaitezhengxiangjiehe,buduanfengfuhefazhanmakesilieningzhuyiguanyurenminqunzhonglishidiweihezuoyongdesixiang,quedinglezhengquedexingdongganglinghefazhanzhanlve,diaodongqiyiwanrenminkuaisancaipiaoshehuizhuyidejijixing、zhudongxinghechuangzaoxing。

gongchandangdeliliangyuanquanshirenminqunzhong。gongchandangshiyouwuchanjiejidexianjinfenzizuchengde,laizirenmin,chengzhangyurenmin,shirenminzhongdeyifenzi。tadelishishimingshiweirenminmoufuli、mouxingfu,weiminzumoujiefang、moufuxing,weishijiemouheping、moufazhan。gongchandangdejibenrenwujiushizuzhidongyuanhexuanchuanjiaoyuqunzhong,shirenminqunzhongrenshidaozijideliyi,tuanjieqilaiweishixianzijideliyierdouzheng,lianheqilaiweijianligengjiameihaodeshehuierfendou。zhengrudengxiaopingsuozhichudeneiyang: “gongrenjiejidezhengdangbushibarenminqunzhongdangzuozijidegongju,ershizijuedirendingzijishirenminqunzhongzaitedingdelishishiqiweiwanchengtedingdelishirenwudeyizhonggongju。”【《dengxiaopingwenxuan》di1juandi218ye。】lishishimingherenwudewancheng,zuizhongshijiejixiaomie,zhengdangxiaoshi,guojiaxiaowang。neime,makesizhuyizhengdangjigongchandangchanshengyihou,shijiegeguodegongchandang(gongrendang)douzuoleshenmeni?tamenzuodezuidadeshiqing,yiyanyibizhi,jiushikaichuangleyigeshehuizhuyigeminghekuaisancaipiaodexinshidai。1871nianfaguobaligongshegemingjinxinglewuchanjiejiduoquzhengquandeshoucichangshi。1917nianeguoshiyueshehuizhuyigemingshengli,kaichuanglerenleilishidexinjiyuan。diercishijiedazhanhou,dongouyidapishehuizhuyiguojiachuxian,tebieshi1949nianzhonghuarenmingongheguodejianli,jiaqiangleshijiehepingminzhuheshehuizhuyizhenyingdeliliang,tupolediguozhuyidedongfangzhanxian,gaibianlelengzhanzhongdeguojililiangduibi,duishijiechanshengleguangfanershenyuandeyingxiang。

shiyuegeminghou,eguogongchandang(bu)(houlaigaimingweiquanlianmenggongchandang[bu]、suliangongchandang),tuanjiedailingrenmin,kefuzhongzhongnanyixiangxiangdekunnan,fenfanuli,zaijingjiheshehuikuaisancaipiaofangmianqudelejudachengjiu,zaihenduanshijiannei,shisulianjingjizongliangchengweiouzhoudiyiheshijiedier。

zhongguorenminzaizhongguogongchandangdelingdaoxia,jingguo28nianyuxuefenzhan,tuifanleyazaitoushangdediguozhuyi、fengjianzhuyiheguanliaozibenzhuyi“sanzuodashan”,qudexinminzhuzhuyigemingdeweidashengli。zhonghuarenmingongheguochenglihou,zhongguogongchandangyoudailingzhongguorenminjinxingshehuizhuyigeminghekuaisancaipiao,jianlilebijiaowanzhengdegongyetixiheguominjingjitixi,jiejuelejiyirendechifanwenti。youqishi1978niandangdeshiyijiesanzhongquanhuizuochuleyijingjikuaisancaipiaoweizhongxin、shixinggaigekaifangdelishixingjuece,kaichuang、jianchihefazhanlezhongguoteseshehuizhuyi。jishinianlai,jingjishehuidedaokuaisufazhan,jingjishili、kejishili、zongheguolixianzhuzengqiang,shijieyingxiangli、ganzhaoli、suzaolixianzhutigao,renminshenghuoshuipingxianzhugaishan。zhongguojingjizongliangzi2010nianhouwenjushijiedier,zhongguoxianyichengweishijiezhizaoyediyidaguo、huowumaoyidiyidaguo、waihuichubeidiyidaguo,dengdeng。zaishijiejingjidimi、qianjingandanzhishi,zhongguojingji“liuanhuaming”“yizhiduxiu”。zaiguojigongchanzhuyiyundongzaoshoucuozhechuyudichaodeqingkuangxia,kexueshehuizhuyideqizhizaizhongguogaogaopiaoyang,zhongguochengweishijieshehuizhuyidezhongliudizhu。zaigongchandangdelingdaoxia,tongguogemingkuaisancaipiao,jingguogaigekaifang,zheixieguojiacengjinghezhengzaichuangzaoshijieqijiherenleideweiye。neime,tamendelilianglaizinali?lishishishibiaoming,gaitianhuandidebangbolilianglaiyuanyurenmin。zheiyiqiezhengmingleweiwushiguandezhengquexing,zhengmingle“qunzhongshizhenzhengdeyingxiong”zheigemakesizhuyidianpubupodezhenli。

er、renminlichangshigongchandangrendegenbenlichang 

quanxinquanyiweirenminkuaisancaipiaoshigongchandangdegenbenzongzhi。gongchandanglikailerenminjiangyishiwucheng。gongchandangbunengtuolirenmin,bixuyikaorenmin,zheishiyougongchandangdexingzhihezongzhisuojuedingde。makesiengesizai《gongchandangxuanyan》zhongmingquezhichu: “guoqudeyiqieyundongdoushishaoshurende,huozheweishaoshurenmouliyideyundong。wuchanjiejideyundongshijuedaduoshurende,weijuedaduoshurenmouliyidedulideyundong。”【《makesiengesixuanji》di3bandi1juandi411ye。】 “zaiwuchanjiejihezichanjiejidedouzhengsuojinglidegegefazhanjieduanshang,gongchandangrenshizhongdaibiaozhenggeyundongdeliyi。”“gongchandangrenbushitongqitagongrenzhengdangxiangduilideteshuzhengdang。tamenmeiyourenhetongzhenggewuchanjiejideliyibutongdeliyi。”【《makesiengesixuanji》di3bandi1juandi413ye。】gongchandangweishenmehuiyouzheiyangdexingzhini?zheishiyougongchandangdejiejijichu——gongrenjiejidelishidiweihelishishimingsuojuedingde。jindaiyilai,suizhedagongyedechuxian,shehuidejiejizhuangkuangfashengleshenkebianhua。zaitongzichanjiejiduilideyiqiejiejizhong,zhiyouwuchanjiejizhenzhengchengweilegemingdejieji,yinweitashidagongyebenshendechanwu。erqiyudejiejidousuizhedagongyedefazhanerriqumeiluohemiewang。yinci,gongchandangdeliyi,jiushigongrenjiejideliyi,jiushizuiguangdarenminqunzhongdeliyi。

maozedongzhichu: “gongchandangshiweiminzu、weirenminmouliyidezhengdang,tabenshenjuewusiliketu。”【canjian1941nianmaozedongzaishanganningbianqucanyihuishangdejianghua,zaizhongyangwenxianyanjiushibian: 《maozedongzhuzuozhuantizhaibian》,zhongyangwenxianchubanshe2003nianbandi1877ye。】1945nianzhongguogongchandangdeqidaba“weirenminkuaisancaipiao”dezongzhixiejindangzhang,mingqueguiding“zhongguogongchandangrenbixujuyouquanxinquanyiweizhongguorenminkuaisancaipiaodejingshen”。maozedongzaiqidashangsuozuodezhengzhibaogaozhongyeqiangdiaozhichu: “quanxinquanyidiweirenminkuaisancaipiao,yikeyebutuoliqunzhong;yiqiecongrenmindeliyichufa,erbushiconggerenhuoxiaojituandeliyichufa;xiangrenminfuzehexiangdangdelingdaojiguanfuzedeyizhixing;zheixiejiushikuaisancaipiaodechufadian。”【《maozedongxuanji》di2bandi3juandi1094ye。】congciyihou,zhongguogongchandangzaizijidedangzhangzhongjiuyizhixianmingdibaweirenminkuaisancaipiaoquedingweidangdezongzhi,bingyiyiguanzhiditixianzaidangdequanbugongzuozhizhong。2017niandangdeshijiudatongguode《zhongguogongchandangzhangcheng》jiumingqueguiding: “dangchulegongrenjiejihezuiguangdarenminqunzhongdeliyi,meiyouzijiteshudeliyi。”【《zhongguogongchandangzhangcheng》,renminchubanshe2017nianbandi19—20ye。】 yiqieweilerenminqunzhong,yiqieyikaorenminqunzhong,jiuchengweigongchandangyiqiegongzuodechufadianheluojiaodian,chengweigongchandangdeshenshengzhizeheyiwu,quanxinquanyiweirenminkuaisancaipiaojiuchengweigongchandangdegenbenzongzhi。gongchandangqiangdiaodezongzhiquanxinquanyiweirenminkuaisancaipiao,shibunengdayidianzhekoude,shibuhanbandianzazhide。zhonghuarenmingongheguochenglihou,maozedongmianduidangyuanganbuduiwuzhongchuxiandeyigongchenziju、jiaoaoziman、zhuiqiuxiangshoudexianxiang,qiangdiaozhichu: “gongchandangjiushiyaofendou,jiushiyaoquanxinquanyiweirenminkuaisancaipiao,buyaobanxinbanyihuozhesanfenzhierdexinsanfenzhierdeyiweirenminkuaisancaipiao。”【《maozedongwenji》di7juandi285ye。】makesishigongchandangdelaozuzong。makesizhuyibodajingshen,danguigendaodijiushiyijuhua,weirenminqiujiefang。yinci,gongchandanglidangweigong、zhizhengweimin,shitianjingdiyideshi,shishizhongbuyudeshi,shiyiyiguanzhideshi。gongchandangdezongzhishiqiqubieyuqitarenheboxuejiejizhengdangdezhongyaobiaozhi。weirenminkuaisancaipiaoshigongchandangdejiazhiguan,renminxingshimakesizhuyizuixianmingdepinge,renminqinghuaishigongchandangrendeqinghuai,renminlichangshigongchandangrendegenbenlichang。zheilixuyaoqiangdiaodeshi,gongchandangdedangxingherenminqunzhongderenminxingshigaodutongyi、wanquanyizhi、bukefengede。jianchirenminlichang,yejiushijianchidangxinglichang。

快三彩票gongchandangrenyaoshizhongjiangrenminqunzhongdeanweilengnuanguazaixinshang。jianchirenminlichang,weirenminkuaisancaipiao,gongchandangrenjiuyaoweirenminqunzhongdemeihaoxiangwangerbuxienuli。jianchirenminlichang,weirenminkuaisancaipiao,bushiyicuerjiude,yebushiyilaoyongyide。zaizheifangmian,gongchandangheshehuizhuyiguojiayoujingyan,yeyoujiaoxun。suliangongchandangzhangqihushirenminshenghuodegaishan,zaochengleyanzhonghouguo。ruguoshuo,dangnianzaiteshuhuanjingxia,yiqieweilegeming,yiqieweilezhanzheng,sulianrenminqunzhongduishenghuozhongdekunnanhainengjianchiherenshoudehua,neimesuizhehuanjingdebianhua,tamendetaiduhexuanzeyehuixiangyingfashengbianhua。diercishijiedazhanjieshuhou,youyuwaidiweixiejibenjiechu,weihemeiguozhengbaerjixuyaoqiurenminzhangqizuochuxisheng,renminqunzhongjiunanyijieshoule。juyouguanziliaoxianshi,yifangmian,sulianxiangdazhongtigongdexiaofeipinzhiliangdilie,gongyingjinzhang。laobaixingmeinianyongyupaiduigoumaishipinheyagao、shouzhidengriyongpindeshijian,xiangdangyu1500wangelaodongzhedequanniangongshi。renminduisugongdeganqinghexinrenjiuzaizheizhonglingrennanyirenshoudemanzhangdengdaizhongliushile、haojinle。lingyifangmian,henduolingdaoganbubuxuyaopaiduijiukeyihenrongyidicongtegongshangdianhuodemeiweijiayaohejinkoushangpin,duiqunzhongdekunjiongquefaqinshenganshou,yebuhuiyougaishanrenminshenghuodejinpogan。youdehaizaijiuzufanbaozhiyu,pipanlaobaixingjuyouxiangwangfengfuwuzhiwenhuashenghuode“zichanjiejisixiang”。【canjianhuangweiding: 《sugongwangdangershinianji: xinzhongmeiyourenmin,bibeirenminpaoqi》,zai《dangdeshenghuo》2011niandi9qi。】dongouguojiadegongchandangzaijuecezhongyecunzaileisiwenti。1956nianfashengdebo、xiongshijianjiuyuciyouguan。zhongguozai1957nianhou,dangdejuecekaishichuxian“zuo”deshiwu。“dayuejin”jidangheguojiadeshiyezaochengsunshi,“wenhuadageming”gengshidailaiyichangneiluan。youyujingjidebudaokuaisufazhan,renminshenghuozhangqidebudaogaishan,renminqunzhongduidanghezhengfuchanshenglebumandeqingxu。houlaidengxiaopingjianruidizhichu: “shehuizhuyiyaoxiaomiepinqiong。pinqiongbushishehuizhuyi,gengbushigongchanzhuyi。”【《dengxiaopingwenxuan》di3juandi63—64ye。】“ruguoxianzaizaibushixinggaige,kuaisancaipiaodexiandaihuashiyeheshehuizhuyishiyejiuhuibeizangsong。”【《dengxiaopingwenxuan》di2juandi150ye。】zhongguodegaigekaifangjiushizaizheiyangdelishibeijingxiakaiqide。

gaigekaifangshizhongguozhenzhengfazhanqilai、huoyueqilai。gaigekaifang40nianlai,zhongguonongcundejueduipinkunrenkoucong7.7yijianshaodao3046wan,congzhannongcunzongrenkoude97.5%xiajiangdao3.1%。zhongguojianpinzongrenshuzhanquanqiujianpinzongrenshude70%,zhongguoweirenleijianpinshiyezuochulejudagongxian。cong1978niandao2017nian,zhongguojuminrenjunkezhipeishouru,kouchujiageyinsu,shijizengzhang22.8bei。lishigaosukuaisancaipiao,xinzhongmeiyourenmin,hushiqunzhongliyi,shisuliangongchandanghedongouguojiagongchandangbeirenminpaoqidezhongyaoyuanyin。eryijingjikuaisancaipiaoweizhongxin,jiefanghefazhanshehuishengchanli,fazhanjingji,buduangaishanrenminshenghuo,shizhongguogongchandangzairenminqunzhongzhonghuodejigaoweiwang,dedaorenminqunzhongzhongxinyonghuhedalizhichidegenbenyuanyin。

快三彩票jianchiyirenminweizhongxindefazhansixiang。zhongguogongchandangzaigaigekaifangshijianzhongyouqishizaidangdeshibadayilaideshijianzhong,buduanshenhuarenminzaishehuilishifazhanzhongdediweihezuoyongderenshi,fengfuhefazhanlemakesizhuyiguanyurenminxingdesixianglilun,tichuleyirenminweizhongxindefazhansixiang,bingjiangzhiyongyuzhidaogaigefazhandeshijian,qudelejudadelilunchengguo、shijianchengguohezhiduchengguo。xijinpingzongshujizhichu: “‘zhiguoyouchang,erliminweiben。’yirenminweizhongxindefazhansixiang,bushiyigechouxiangde、xuanaodegainian,bunengzhitingliuzaikoutoushang、zhibuyusixianghuanjie,eryaotixianzaijingjishehuifazhangegehuanjie。”【xijinping: 《zaishengbujizhuyaolingdaoganbuxuexiguanchedangdeshibajiewuzhongquanhuijingshenzhuantiyantaobanshangdejianghua》,renminchubanshe2016nianbandi24ye。】tahaiduociqiangdiao,jianchihefazhanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyi,bixujianchirenminzhishang、renminzhutidiwei,yiqieweilerenmin,yiqieyikaorenmin,renminliyigaoyuyiqie;yaobazengjinrenminfuzhi、cujinrendequanmianfazhan、chaozhegongtongfuyudefangxiangwenbumaijinzuoweigongzuodechufadianheluojiaodian,dengdeng。zheixiezhongyaolunshudehexin,jiushijianchirenminlichang,jianchirenminzhishang。zhongguogongchandangtichudejianchiyirenminweizhongxindefazhansixiang,jianchilemakesizhuyidejibenyuanli,zongjieleshehuizhuyiguojiazhengfanliangfangmiandejingyanjiaoxun,zongjielewoguozaigaigekaifangshijianzhongdexinxianjingyan,fanyinglezhongguoteseshehuizhuyidebenzhitezheng,tixianlekexueshehuizhuyidejiazhiyuanze。congrenshilun、fangfalun、lishiguan、jiazhiguanshangjiejuelexiangxinshei、yikaoshei、weilesheidewenti。jianxingzheiyisixiang,jiuyaojianchiquanweiminsuoyong、qingweiminsuoxi、liweiminsuomou,jiuyaojianchifazhanweilerenmin、fazhanyikaorenmin、fazhanchengguoyourenmingongxiang。zheishijianshougongchandangrengenbenlichangdezhongdazhengzhiwenti。

快三彩票yinci,zaidangdaizhongguo,yaoshixian“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiao,quanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui,shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingzhongguomeng,wulunshichuangxinqudong、jifahuolidegaigejucuo,haishitongchouchengxiang、quyu、jingjishehui、wuzhiwenmingjingshenwenmingkuaisancaipiao,wulunshizhilihuanjingwuran、shunyingrenminduilianghaoshengtaideqidai,haishixiediaoxiaolvyugongpingguanxi、jizuodadangaoyougenggongpingfenhaodangao,doubixujianchiyirenminweizhongxindefazhansixiang,jianchirenminzhishangdejiazhilinian,jianchijiejueminshengwentidexianmingdaoxiang。

san、yongyuanbaochigongchandangtongrenminqunzhongdexueroulianxi 

tequanhexiaojifubaishidangqunguanxidefushiji。shijieshehuizhuyidelishibiaoming,gongchandangqudezhengquan、huodezhizhengdiwei,kaodeshirenminqunzhongdezhichi;sulian、dongoudengshehuizhuyiguojiadegongchandangsangshizhizhengdiweishenzhiwangdang,yezhengshiyinweishiqulerenminqunzhongdezhichi。zhengfanliangfangmiandelishijingyandouchongfenshuoming,renminqunzhongzhichiyufou、renxinxiangbei,shigongchandangxingshuaichengbaidejuedingxingyinsu。1921—1926nianshisuliandangfengzhengfengzuihaodeshiqi,yeshisulianweiyihouxunsujueqizhunbeilejiaohaotiaojiandeshiqi。lieningshishiyihou,suliandangdeganbukaishichuxiantuoliqunzhongdexianxiang,bingzhubufazhan,wanghouyuelaiyueyanzhong,yizhizaidangheguojiashenghuozhongzhujianxingchengleyigetequanjiecengbingbuduanguhua。juyouguanyanjiuchengguobiaoming,“sulianshiqilianmenghedifangliangjidequanguijiecengyue75wanren,ruojiashangtamendeqinshu,zeyoudayue300wanren,zhanjuminzongshude1.5%”【huanglifu: 《sulianshehuijiecengyusulianjubianyanjiu》,shehuikexuewenxianchubanshe2006nianbandi163—198ye。】。tequanzhishisulianhouqidangqun、ganqunguanxichuxianjudaliehen,renmindeliyiyuelaiyuedebudaobaozhang。tequanzaigerenzhuanduanheshehuizhuyifazhipohuaideqingkuangxiabianbenjialikuozhan,lingdaoganbuzuizhongyou“renmingongpu”biancheng“renminzhuren”。yinci,qizouxiangshuaibaijiuzaisuonanmian。

快三彩票sulianjietiqian,dangshidesulianshehuikekuaisancaipiaocengjingjinxingguoyiciwenjuandiaocha,juedaduoshusulianrenminbingburenweisuliangongchandangdaibiaotamendeliyi,errenweisuliangongchandangdaibiaojiguandangyuanganbuheguanliaojiecengdeliyi。【canjianzhaodeyu: 《sulianjietiyuanyintanxi》,zai《gaigeyukaifang》2009niandi11qi。】suliangongchandangzaiyongyoujin2000wandangyuandeshihou,zaizhizheng74nianzhihousangshizhizhengdiwei。“qijinweizhi,wulunshizaizhongyanghaishidifangdelishidanganzhong,renmendoumeiyoufaxianzaididuishiliqudigongchandangshiyudaolaizidangdegejizuzhijinxingdikangdejizai,meiyoufaxiansugongdangyuanmenyouzuzhidijiheqilaiweibaoweizijidequwei、shiweihuozhouweierjuxingrenhedaguimokangyihuodongdejizai,yemeiyoufaxianrenminqunzhongweizhichi、shengyuansugongercaiqurenheyouzuzhixingdongdejizai。”【lishenmingdengzhuangao: 《juansiwei——sugongwangdangdelishijiaoxun(jieshuoci)》,shehuikexuewenxianchubanshe2013nianban。】sulianjietishi,renminqunzhongzaizijideguannianzhongzaoyibasugongpaoqile,sugongyesuizhishiquleshengcundegenji。dongouyixieguojiadegongchandangshiquzhizhengdiwei,qizhongzuizhuyaodeyuanyinyeshiyanzhongtuoliqunzhong,fashengxiaojifubaixianxiang。xiongyalishehuizhuyigongrendanglingdaorenkadaercengshuoguozheiyangyiduanhua: duigongchandangrenlaishuo,youliangdakaoyan,gongchandangrendandumianduidirenshiyudaodeshidiyigekaoyan,zheishijiankudekaoyan,yinweiyaomaoshengmingdeweixian。xuduorenyingyongdijingshouzhulezheiyikaoyan。lingyigeshijieguanzhengquandekaoyan。mouxierenzaidiergekaoyanzhongshibaile。tamenkaishirenweizijiwusuobuneng,yushizhujiantuolizhangqiweizhifendoudequnzhong。zaiguojiaheshenghuodegegelingyuzhong,xiaobawangyuelaiyueduo,fahaoshilingchenglezhantongzhidiweidefangfa。【canjiancaoguiqian: 《fubaiyudongougongchandangdeshuaibai》,zai《dangdaishijieyushehuizhuyi》2001niandi2qi。】tadezheigekanfashiyouyidingdaolide。

zhongguogongchandanggaoduzhongshidangtongrenminqunzhongdeguanxi,badangtongrenminqunzhongdeguanxibiyuweiyushuiguanxi、xuerouguanxi、gongpuguanxi,dengdeng。zhongguogongchandanglingdaodedageming、tudigemingzhanzheng、kangrizhanzheng、jiefangzhanzheng,zhisuoyinenggoukaichuanggemingxinjumian,tansuochuyitiaojuyouzhongguotesedegemingdaolu,qudexinminzhuzhuyigemingdeshengli,shirenminqunzhongdalizhichidejieguo。zaijiefangzhanzhengzhong,huaihaizhanyishiguogongliangdanglingdaodejunduijinxingdeyichangdajuezhan。dangshi,renminjiefangjunzhiyou60wanren,erguomindangjunduiyoujin80wanren,liliangduibixuanshu。danshi,conglingwaiyigefangmiankan,renminjiefangjunhoumianyouzhiqianmingongduoda543wanren。zhandoudadaonali,renminqunzhongdexiaotuichejiutuidaonali。chenyicengshenqingdishuo,huaihaizhanyishirenminqunzhongyongxiaotuichetuichulaide。zai“dayuejin”houdeguominjingjidiaozhengshiqi,renminqunzhongxiangyingzhongyangjingjianzhigongdehaozhao,zaiduanduanliangnianshijianneijiuwanchenglejianshaochengzhenrenkou2600wandejianjurenwu。zuzhihelingdaozheixianggongzuodeguowuyuanzonglizhouenlaidangshijiushuo: zhei“dengyuyigezhongdengguojiabanjia,zheishishiwuqianlide,kanchengqiji”【zhongyangwenxianyanjiushibian: 《zhouenlainianpu(1949—1976)》zhongjuan,zhongyangwenxianchubanshe1997nianbandi476ye。】。weilejiakuaiwoguoshehuizhuyigeminghekuaisancaipiaodebufa,zaineigehuoredeniandai,guangdarenminqunzhongliuxueliuhan、ziligengsheng、jiankufendou,puxielezhuanglideshipian。zaigaigekaifangguochengzhong,zhongguorenmindadantansuo、dadanshijian,gengshipijingzhanji、kaituochuangxin,zouchuleyitiaozhongguoteseshehuizhuyixinlu。mianduishijiexingdefubainanti,zhongguogongchandangyongyuziwogeming,jianjuefanduifubai,fanduitequan。dangdeshibadahougengshijuqiliangjian,guaguliaodu,gechuduliu,xiaochufubai,qudelelingshirenzhumudechengjiu,yingdeleshijiedezanyu,huodeleguangdarenminqunzhongdezhongxinyonghuheaidai。zhengfanliangfangmiandelishishishishuoming,gongchandangyaobaochizijidexianjinxingchunjiexing,yaobubianzhi,bixuqizhixianming、jiandingbuyidifanduitequan、fanduifubai。

shizhongbuyudiguanchezhixingdangdequnzhongluxian。qunzhongluxianshigongchandangdeshengmingxianhegenbengongzuoluxian。shijiegeguogongchandangbaokuosuliangongchandang、dongouguojiagongchandang(gongrendang)、zhongguogongchandang,doushijindaiyilaijingjishehuifazhandaoyidingjieduanlaoziduilidechanwu,tamenbushizaidaiyitizhineichanshengde,qicunzaibujuyousuoweide“hefaxing”。yinci,gongchandangzaiweiduoquzhengquandegemingjieduan,yikeyebunenglikaigongrenjiejiheguangdarenminqunzhongdezhichi,likailebianwufashengcun。lieningzaijiandangshiqitebiezhongshidangtongrenminqunzhongdelianxi,youxuduoguanyujiaqiangdangqunguanxidelunshu。sidalinzaoqiyeshifenzhongshizheigewenti,tacengyongguxilashenhuayingxiongantaiyudadimuqindeguanxilaibiyugongchandangyurenminqunzhongbukefenlideguanxi,qiangdiaogongchandanglikailerenminqunzhong,jiurutongyingxiongantailikailedadimuqinyiyang,huiwufashengcun。suizhesulian、dongouguojiadegongchandang(gongrendang)xianhouduodezhengquan,tuoliqunzhongdexianxiangkaishifasheng,houlaifazhandaoyuelaiyueyanzhongdedibu。zhongguogongchandanggaoduzhongshimiqielianxiqunzhongdewenti,jiangqikanzuoqubieyuqitarenhezhengdangdexianzhubiaozhizhiyi。【canjian《maozedongxuanji》di2bandi3juandi1094ye。】1928niandangdelingdaorenjiutichulequnzhongluxiandegainian,1943nianmaozedongduiqunzhongluxianzuolewanzhengxitongdechanshu。congci,jianchiheshixingqunzhongluxianjiuchengweizhongguogongchandangrendeyigeyouliangzuofenghechuantong。zhongguogongchandangqunzhongluxiandejibenneihan,jiushi《zhongguogongchandangzhangcheng》zhonggaikuodewujuhua,ji“yiqieweilequnzhong,yiqieyikaoqunzhong,congqunzhongzhonglai,daoqunzhongzhongqu,badangdezhengquezhuzhangbianweiqunzhongdezijuexingdong”【《zhongguogongchandangzhangcheng》,di20ye。】。zheiwujuhuafenbieconglichang、fangfa、mubiaodengfangmianchanshuledanghequnzhongzhijianxianghuyilai、xianghucujindebianzhengtongyiguanxi,zheixieneirongyechengweizhongguogongchandangrengenbengongzuoluxiandejibenzunxun。

快三彩票lishiyijingfanfuzhengming,shenmeshihoudangdequnzhongluxianguanchezhixingdehao,dangqunguanxijiumiqie,kuaisancaipiaodeshiyejiushengli、fazhan;shenmeshihoudangdequnzhongluxianguanchezhixingdebuhao,dangqunguanxijiushoudaosunhai,kuaisancaipiaodeshiyejiuzaoshoucuozhe。zaixindelishitiaojianxia,gongchandangyaozhangqizhizheng,yaoweirenminzhanghaoquan、zhihaozheng,jiubixubaochidangtongrenminqunzhongdexueroulianxi,eryaobaochizheizhonglianxi,zaizhiguolizhengdeshijianzhong,jiubixuguanchezhixinghaodangdequnzhongluxian。nengfoushizhongbaochihefazhandangtongrenminqunzhongdexueroulianxi,nengfoushizhongjianchiheguanchedangdequnzhongluxian,guanxirenxinxiangbei,guanxidangheguojiadeshengsicunwang。

(quqingshan: zhongyangdangshihewenxianyanjiuyuanfenguanrichanggongzuodefuyuanzhang)


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